Volta, Key, and Scale

By John Clements
ARMA Director

The following research paper presents an unprecedented examination into, and an original interpretation of, a crucial but widely overlooked aspect of Renaissance martial arts study.  It is offered as a 75mb PDF file with embedded video links.

It offers a comprehensive description of a dimension of historical fencing that is now a significant part of our curricula.


Note: ARMA - The Association for Renaissance Martial Arts and the ARMA logo are federally registered trademarks, copyright 2001. All rights reserved. No use of the ARMA name or emblem is permitted without authorization. Reproduction of material from this site without written permission of the authors is strictly prohibited. HACA and The Historical Armed Combat Association copyright 1999 by John Clements. All rights reserved. Contents of this site 1999 by ARMA.